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  • The Sport & Exercise Psychology Lab

    Led by prominent professor and distinguished researcher in the field of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Dr. Gershon Tenenbaum, the research lab at Florida State University is nationally recognized for the seminal contributions to the Sport & Exercise Psychology literature. By using state of the art technology offered at the lab, such as biofeedback, eye-tracking, perceptual and reaction time equipment, innovative projects are being conducted in a broad and diverse array of sports and exercise topics.

    Click here if you are interested in reserving equipment or a room.


    Equipment Available in the Labexpand menu

    Dynavision D2


    The Dynavision D2 system allows athletes to train their perceptual vision. As a result, athletes can improve their peripheral awareness and process multiple tasks more efficiently and rapidly.


    Biofeedback (Procomp Infinity)

    Researchers and consultants can use Thought Technology’s biofeedback system to measure athletes’ physiological functions. For example, one can measure and analyze different variables such as: Skin Conductance Response (SCR), Heart Rate Variability (HRV), Electroencephalogram (EEG), Electromyography (EMG), and Temperature among others.


    Eye-Tracking (Mobile Eye XG)

    The Mobile Eye XG from the Applied Science Laboratories (ASL) makes it possible to implement eye-tracking technology in research and applied work. The technology provides objective measurements of where an athlete is gazing (location), how long they are gazing at a certain location (duration), as well as the amount of times they gaze upon a certain point or section (frequency). The Mobile Eye XG system can be used while the athlete is stationary or is mobile in their natural sport environment (wireless mode).


    The Quick Board

    The Quick Board allows researchers and practitioners to measure reaction time and coordination for both upper and lower body extremities.


    The Nike SPARQ Vapor Strobe Eyewear

    The Nike SPARQ Vapor Strobe Eyewear occludes the athlete’s vision at different frequencies. This allows athletes to work on their perceptual vision, and improve their decision making and anticipation skills.


    Directed Individual Study (DIS) Opportunitiesexpand menu

    The purpose of a Directed Individual Study (DIS) in the Sport & Exercise Psychology lab is to provide undergraduate students an opportunity to gain experience in conducting research projects. Students will get a chance to familiarize themselves with the research process, including IRB submission, participant recruitment and testing, data collection and analysis (qualitative and quantitative).  Additionally, students will learn how to use various innovative technologies such as eye-tracking, biofeedback, and visual perception equipment.


    • Available to work in the lab 9 hours per week (3 credits)
    • Motivated and interested in sport issues and research
    • Able to work in a team setting and pursue individual research goals

    Main supervisor: Dr. Gershon Tenenbaum

    Please contact Nataniel Boiangin if you are interested in a DIS opportunity and/or to receive more information.

    Ongoing Researchexpand menu

    A Comparison Between 2D and 3D Simulation of Tennis Serves: Can New Technology Enhance Tennis Players’ Cognitive Processing?

    Three-dimensional (3D) technologies have been available to the public since the 1950s. With advances in technology, 3D viewership and opinion has improved in recent years. Studies comparing 2D and 3D technology come from a variety of fields including mass communications, advertising, and psychotherapy. However, limited 3D technology research has been conducted within sport and exercise psychology. Researchers are interested in observing how a 3D simulated environment could be more immersive than a 2D environment under the perceptual-cognitive process (PCP). The PCP is divided into five distinct but related systems: environment, sensory, perceptual, cognitive, and motor (Marteniuk, 1976; Tenenbaum, 2003). The purpose of the study is to observe whether 3D technology can be a useful tool for enhancing athletic performance using both 2D and 3D simulated environments. By using the occlusion paradigm with tennis serves, researchers examine whether (a) the basic reaction time of participants differ when viewing 2D and 3D simulations, (b) the 3D video simulations allow participants to better anticipate a tennis serve for which they would be prepared to make more accurate returns than 2D video simulation technology, and (c) participants viewing 3D video simulations have a more immersive and enjoyable experience than those viewing 2D video simulations.

    For more information, please contact Anna Ward.

    Effects of Acute Exercise Bouts on Executive Functions: Temporal Characteristics

    Despite the growing literature on the immediate effects of acute exercise bouts on cognitive functioning (Ferris, Williams, & Shen, 2007; Flöel et al., 2010), there have been scant number of empirical investigations that address the temporal characteristics of these effects (Barella, et al., 2010). A key component to cognitive functioning are executive functions, which include attention control, working memory, and inhibitory processes (Miyake et al., 2000). As such, performance on executive function tests is seen as a relevant indicator of cognitive functioning at large (Chang et al., 2012). Additionally, moderate intensity has been shown to have the largest effect on executive functions (Tomporowski, 2003). Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine how executive function task scores (i.e., Trial Making Test) are maintained following an acute bout of exercise of moderate intensity.

    For more information, please contact Jean-Charles Lebeau.

    The Effects of Taste Cues on Attention and Exertion during an Exercise Task

    Physical inactivity is still prevalent today and is a major national health concern.  Consequently, researchers have recently begun examining strategies aimed at increasing physical activity participation and reducing dropout rates (US Department of Health & Human Services, 2010). Several studies have recently been conducted to examine the effects of sensory stimulation (e.g., visual, auditory and olfactory) on attention diversion and task-related effort sensations (Basevitch, Thompson, Braun, Razon, Arsal, Tokac, et al., 2011; Razon, Basevitch, Land, Thompson, & Tenenbaum, 2009). The rationale for conducting these studies was based on the notion that the introduction of pleasant sensory stimuli can facilitate a motivating and pleasant exercise environment. Still, few researchers have examined the effects of taste cues on psychological (e.g., perceived exertion, attention) and behavioral (e.g., duration, performance outcome) variables during physically exertive tasks.  Thus, in this study we intend to examine the effect of taste cues (i.e., sweetened mouth guards) on perceived exertion, attentional strategies, and performance outcome (i.e., duration), during an exertive task.

    For more information, please contact Itay Basevitch.

    Are The Measurements of Attention Allocation and Perceived Exertion Trustful?

    A number of methods to prolong exercise engagement under incremental workload and/or duration conditions were tested (e.g., Basevitch et al. 2011; Bolgar, Baker, Goss, Nagle, & Robertson, 2010; Green, Crews, Bosak, & Peveler, 2003; Razon, Basevitch, Land, Thompson, & Tenenbaum, 2009). Findings showed the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and attention allocation strategies were reliable indicators of effort endurance and cessation. However, the frequency by which the scales were being presented throughout the task protocols as well as shifting attention to the scale may bias both RPE and attention allocation. Priming and bias are similar but distinct psychological constraints that warrant attention in measuring attention and RPE in the exercise setting. This study aims at testing the effect of shifting attention to the scale (e.g., priming) on RPE, and the effect of shifting attention to the RPE scale on attention.

    For more information, please contact Gily Meir.

    Publications and Presentationsexpand menu



    Basevitch, I., Thompson, B., Braun, R., Razon, S., Arsal. G., Tokac, U., Medeiros Filho, E.F., Nascimento-Razor, T., & Tenenbaum, G. (2011). Olfactory Effects on Attention Allocation and Perception of Exertion. The Sport Psychologist, 25, 144-158.

    Olfactory Effects on Attention Allocation and Perception of Exertion


    Razon, S., Basevitch, I., Filho, E., Land, W., Thompson, B., Biermann, M., & Tenenbaum, G. (2010). Associative and dissociative imagery effects on perceived exertion, attention, and adherence. Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity, issue 5, volume 1, article 5

    Associative and Dissociative Imagery Effects on Perceived Exertion and Task Duration


    Razon, S., Basevitch, I., Land, W., Thompson, B., & Tenenbaum, G. (2009). Perception of exertion and attention allocation as a function of visual and auditory conditions. Psychology of Sport & Exercise10(6), 636-643.

    Perception of exertion and attention allocation as a function of visual and auditory conditions



    Basevitch, I., Razon S.,  Filho, E., Boiangin, N.,Guiterrez, O., Braun, R., Arsal, G.,& Tenenbaum, G. The Effect of Olfactory Ovulation Cues on Attention Allocation and Perception of Exertion. Scheduled for presentation at the Annual Meeting of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), New Orleans, LA, June 13-15, 2013.


    Basevitch, I., Thompson, B., Braun, R., Razon, S., Arsal, G., Tokac, U., Medeiros, E. F., Nascimento, T. & Tenenbaum, G. (2011, June). Odors effects on attention, perceived exertion and task adherence. Refereed abstract presented at the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity Annual Conference (NASPSPA), Burlington, VT, p. 9-11. (International conference).


    Razon, S., Basevitch, I., Filho, E., Land, W., Thompson, B. Biermann, M., & Tenenbaum, G. (2009). Perception of exertion and attention allocation as a function of visual and auditory conditions. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the North American Society of Psychology for Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), Austin, TX.

    Razon, S., Basevitch, I., Land, W., Thompson, B., & Tenenbaum, G.  (2009). Imaged external/internal attention effect on perceived exertion, attention Allocation, and effort duration. Presented at the Annual Meeting of the North American Society of Psychology for Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA), Austin, TX.

    Contact Informationexpand menu

    Nataniel Boiangin
    Florida State University
    College of Education
    Room 2212, Stone Building
    1114 W. Call Street
    Tallahassee, FL 32306-4450
    Phone: (954) 347-0637

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